Kinshasa Congo Museums
This year, Congo is celebrating its 60th anniversary of independence and is forcing the country to face up to its history of exploitation and racial injustice. The Belgian Museum of Africa has reopened with its stolen treasures, repackaged as a museum for the first time since its foundation in 1898 in Tervuren, just outside Brussels. It was designed by the late King Leopold II of Belgium and his wife Queen Victoria and reopened at the beginning of the 20th century.
Today, it is one of the world's leading research institutions for Central Africa, covering everything from the history of colonialism to the development of the modern Congolese economy. It also contains an archive that traces the tragic post-colonial history that took place in Burundi and Rwanda, which were also Belgian colonies at the time. After King Leopold II declared independence from Belgium, the country was decimated and it is estimated that more than a million Congolese died.
On June 1, 1966, a campaign was launched to identify Mobutu with "African nationalism," and he renamed the nation's cities: From Leopoldville Kinshasa became Elizabethville will be to Lubumbashi, Stanleyville to Kisangani, Mbandaka was from Coquihatville, Lubumashi from Elisabethville. In 1997, Congo became the Democratic Republic of Congo and its former capital was renamed Kinhas a. On 1 May 1997 Mobutsu fled the country and Kabila marched in to call himself President, renaming the country the Democratic Republic of the Congolese. Congo became Zaire in 1976, before becoming the Democratic Republic of Central Africa in 1997 and then, in 1999, a republic established in the region. Congo as a nation. It is now a democratic state in its present form, with its capital in Kanshasa, its city in Kisenga and the other provinces in the north-east.
The Democratic Republic of Congo was formerly, in chronological order, Zaire, Congo - Brazzaville and the Democratic State of Central Africa. The two countries were known as Congo until 1997, when the name "Republic of Congo" was chosen to gain recognition as a nation-state under the leadership of President Joseph Kabila and his government.
This unofficial name refers to the fact that Zaire had been discredited by the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early twentieth century and the rise of communism in Central Africa.
To counterbalance Rwanda's power and influence in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ugandan troops formed a rebel movement called Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC), led by Joseph Kony (LRA), the leader of a terrorist organization in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It has about three million members and is located in eastern and central Congo, north - east of Kinshasa and south - west of Goma. The few archaeological sites known in the Congo are located in Garamba National Park, the largest national park in the DRC and the second largest in South Africa. He moved from Uganda, where he had fought a rebellion for 20 years, to the DR Congo and set up a camp northeast of Garambesa National Park.
Kinshasa is a miracle of dysfunction: schools are overcrowded, schools have been overrun, and the city is overrun by crime and violence.
It seethes with poverty, corruption and a lack of basic human rights and dignity. The rainforests of the Democratic Republic of Congo are home to a great variety of species, including the bonobo, formerly known as the dwarf chimpanzee, and many other animal species.
Kinshasa is widely regarded as one of the world's great music centres, and the influence of Congolese music is particularly felt in sub-Saharan Africa. Congo has behaved very differently from other parts of Africa in terms of its cultural and cultural diversity.
The museum, which belonged to the Colonial Ministry, lost its income in the 1960s when the Republic of Congo became independent of Belgium. Now the Africa Museum and the Long History will deal with colonial activities. Knowing that the oldest museum dates back to the 19th century, we now have an ethnographic museum, combined with a kind of internationally oriented museum, which is there to satisfy and talk about European cultures.
Kunsthaus Graz is showing works by around 70 Congolese artists living in Paris, Brussels, Kinshasa and Lubumbashi. The funeral service will be held in front of the museum, just as it was at the funeral of President Joseph Kabila and his wife Mwanga.
Kabila told Belgian newspaper Le Soir that the claim was made in response to a question about the lack of a museum in Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Garryseel also said the Africa Museum is awaiting an assessment of the status of its new national museum in Kinsha, which is being funded by South Korea.
European museums around the world, shaken by France's landmark restitution report, are under pressure to return some of their colonial looted art to Africa. For many Congolese, meanwhile, the museum project is the latest in a long line of efforts to recover tens of thousands of their artifacts from European and American museums. Valuable pieces began to disappear during the two great wars that kept Congo in suspense in the 1990s and early 2000s, only to appear on international markets later. The museum's research team insists that its new museum in Kinshasa or other parts of the country will no longer have room for exhibits.